Saturday, September 30, 2006

Peer Review..:)

Peer Review

Sometime ago I received an email inviting me to join a group Physics, Astronomy, Math, & Philosophy Forums just after I seeing a posting on about Moving Dimensions on one of those scientific list servers . This happened more than a year after I made my work public.

When I joined that group, I considered that it would be a trap. Someone would pretend to read my theory and then put it down, thus making the so called "Moving Dimension Theory" the only one in town..:) That had happened before at the

Of course, I believe that my theory should be challenged, otherwise it would be in the same league of the God Sent Theories of the 23rd Century (String Theory) or God Like Theories (Inflation Theory suspends the laws of physics when it is convenient), thus I always joined the groups and always answered all the questions. Many times, I tried to make my peer to fully read the documents in this site. Eventually my initial perception of entrapment became irrelevant after I realized that my peer - in good faith, I believe - was asking very specific questions and that it would be beneficial if I were to recreate my answers on that site.

The concept of Moving Dimensions Theory is not a novel one. First of all, I have a full Grand Unification theory based on a Universe as a 4-Dimensional Shock Wave, which of course, has a metric that contains a translation (Radial Expansion at the speed of light).

Second, anyone can say that the Universe is moving some place, but unles you provide a topology and an absolute reference frame, this is a meaningless statement. It is still a meaningless statement if you don't derive meaningful conclusions from it. One can never prove that the Universe is not on an inertial motion going somewhere!...:) One can easily say that the Universe is pagelike and moves upwards.... or sideways.. That doesn't mean anything.

Every time someone proposes that the speed of light or the gravitaional constant might not be constant one would end up with a Moving Dimensions Theory, since the metric depends upon C and G and different regions of the Universe are traveling (Hubble Expansion). Thus this is not a new idea nor a non-trivial conclusion. Of course, my theory states that G is time dependent, since it depends upon the radius of curvature of the shock wave Universe, but C is always constant...:)

I made an effort to be clear and thorough. Please visit the site and let me know if I forgot something. I even mentioned elements of my next Blog- He ain't heavy, He is my Brother...

I still have the rest of the weekend to work on that Blog. So I will be brief.



I will reproduce the answers I gave in that site to two questions:

a) Explain succintly all your hypotheses.

b) What is the reason for/Explain Non-Local Phenomena?


I value your comments...

In any event, some of your misunderstandings are my fault. I wrote 30 blog entries explaining the theory. It is difficult not to rely on them when I explain my theory in another environment - this site for instance.

I went into the net in search of intelligent dialog and tried as hard as I could not to put people off for being critical of their misunderstandings... I believe that it is from discussions that enlightment is created and I would be the last person in the Universe to run away from a critic...
I have to thank you for asking me the question about the non-local phenomena... I solved that problem and published it in the blog...

I have to make a comment about that requirement. No theory out there explains non-local phenomena, thus it would be an unfair test for my theory... Since I solved the problem, I shouldn't mind it and should thank you for that...

Let's limit the number of elements in this iteration. I will focus on a few elements of my theory and my review of Action at Distance Phenomena.

These are the hypotheses used in the theory (plus or minus one or two that I might had forgoten...)

a) The first hypothesis is that the whole Universe is a hyperspherical surface expanding at the speed of light. This is supported by the equation E=mc^2 which is the energy of a body traveling at the speed of light. Further analysis of this equation show that it can be recast as a Pythagorean addition of two linear momentum components: one equal to p (3D linear momentum) and another perpendicular to the first one and equal to m0c (where m0 is the rest mass). Of course, this motion cannot be denied nor easily proved since it is an inertial motion and one cannot detect inertial motion. This topology is also what one would expect from conservation of momentum after a explosion, constant speed of spacetime deformations etc...

It is aesthetically pleasing to know that everything in the Universe is treated equally - like traveling deformations of 4-D space). It also provides a simple explanation on the why the speed of light is the limiting speed. It becomes clear that everything we send in our glorious 3-D shell is just a change in k-vector or a lateral change of direction of a constant magnitude lightspeed vector. Since this is just a change in direction and not in modules, it becomes clear the speed limitation. The maximum speed one can observe in the 3-D shell is c, which would correspond to a local rotation of the lightspeed vector by 45 degrees with respect to the Radial direction. Please see the link to the cross section of the Universe.

Hyperspherical Universe Cross-Section

b) The theory is a geometrical representation of the Universe and thus Mass, Force etc has to have an equivalent representation. Some constructs might be not relevant to this first theory, hence they are not recreated. The theory anchors itself on Lorentz transforms on a non-compact five dimensional spacetime. This means that the metric describing this spacetime can be easily constructed by a translation -due to the hyperspherical expansion and two rotations. One around the direction perpendicular to Cosmological Time Phi and X by an angle arctanh(v/c) and another around the direction perpendicular to Radial Direction R and X by an angle arctan(v/c). This reasoning is done for simplicity starting from a preferred referential with X perpendicular to R - relaxed local spacetime - but could be done on any initial inertial frame.

c) The 3-D Universe is considered to be the expanding hyperspherical surface traveling outwards at the speed of light. All the elements of the Universe are represented in terms of metric waves (dilatons) and metric wave generators (dilators).

d) Standard Quantum Mechanical Description of 4-D space deformational potential is used. Particles are modeled as coherence between two states of a four-dimensional rotating double well. This is a simple quantum mechanical picture which has perfect analogy on the coherences that gives rise to electromagnetic fields. Electronically excited molecules contains coherences at the moment of light emission. These coherences generate a time dependent observed electric dipole - like an antenna. This oscillating electric dipole is dephased through interaction with surrounding electromagnetic fields.

e) In the case of protons and electrons, the theory states that they are the two states of the same coherence, thus being the same particle. How come this is possible? It should be clear, but if now, you will have to await until I publish the pictures. It is difficult to explain something like this in words... although it is quite a simple hypothesis... Let me emphasize what I just said: Proton and electron are the same particle; they have exactly the same mass, with a caveat.

They have exactly the same mass as probed by their 4-D space trajectory while they perform the Radial motion. When they interact with the rest of the 3-D Universe, they have the mass associated with just one of the sides of the potential well. A Neutron is just a dimmer and thus all basic matter is made of the same stuff, a coherence between the two lower states of deformation of the 4-D space. An unconstrained deformation will propagate and the propagation will always be the speed of light. Spin is modeled as a tumbling motion as the radial expansion takes place. In my blog, "The Meaning of Material Existence" I explained the constraint on spin. For anything to exists, that is, to be able to interact with the rest of the Universe, it has to be in phase with these dilatons and traveling the same shock wave Universe. The phase requirement also applies to spinning motion, thus the quantization of spin.

f) Time driving the Radial expansion (motion of the Universe perpendicular to the 3-D space) is Absolute and continuous. Continuous in the sense that I did not find anything that would absolutely require a quantized time, although I came close to it. Since this is a 5-D spacetime, relative velocity creates two rotations: a) one is a rotation perpendicular to R and X by an angle arctan(vx/c) and b) a rotation by an imaginary angle given by arctanh(vx/c).

g) In my theory, there is an Absolute Time - in addition to local time projections or proper time and a Preferential Direction in Space but these cannot be easily determined, they are not observables. The only thing one can easily observe is the relative angle between proper times. Thus one can only observe relative time flow as required by Relativity.

h) Using Dilators and Dilaton fields generated by One Kilogram of Matter and One Kilogram of Charge, I was able to recover Gauss Law of Electrostatics, Newton's Law of Gravitation and the complex vectorial Biot-Savart Law of Magnetism. They are all derived from the aforementioned assumptions and that is an indication of a highly physical (as opposed to a Mathematical Stratospheric Digression) theory. Everything people do in this field is to guess a metric, guess a meaningless Lagrangian and derive Black Holes related geodesics... over and over again, without the benefit of Physics Intuition. When I say physical intuition I am not referring to some sixth sense, but to an emsemble of well grounded and logically supported hypotheses, which can replicate what we already know. Current theories cannot say anything about reality.

The last item of my current essay is the answer to what you asked me before:

What is Action at Distance or Non-Local Phenomena?
My answer is simple... They do not exist.
Non-local phenomena as in the photon polarization experiments will be taken as an example. In the experiment that gives rise to this kind of speculation, an excited medium is placed between identical two arms, each arm having a polarizer and two detectors. Light excitation is kept low such that coincident photons can be counted. Photons are emited by the excited medium in pairs with k-vectors defined by the physical setting of the experiment and are polarization correlated photons. Their polarization is correlated by the short lifetime of the electronic transitions with respect to rotational periods and by the angle between transition dipole moments in the molecular frame of reference.

The paradox arises when one uses the following hypothesis: Quantum Mechanics dictates that photons will not define their polarizations until there is a measurement. In this experiment, the measurement event is the interaction between polarizer and the incoming photon. Under those conditions, information of one photons polarization choice has to reach the other instantaneously. Implicit in this hypothesis is the other hypothesis that the emission occurs through dephasing of the electronic coherence by the interaction between the oscillating dipole and zero point randomly polarized vacuum fluctuations. I reached the conclusion that the implicit hypothesis is incorrect.

I know that the detectors have resonances at the photons energies they are suppose to detect. This means that they will emit radiation at those frequencies through Black Body or Thermal fluctuations. This field together with the extreme selectivity of the experimental design assures that the dephasing event is driven not by randomly polarized zero point fluctuations of vacuum but by polarized Black Body radiation from the detectors themselves. They are polarized from the perspective of the emiting molecule. The molecule is "seeing" the detectors through polarizers!

This means that the polarization of the outgoing photons is defined at the moment of the emission and thus there is no need for any non-local phenomena.

I hope you will appreciate the simplicity of the argument and let me know if you disagree.

Thursday, September 21, 2006

God's Amazing Parlor Magic Trick...:)

Action at Distance:
Quantum Mechanics Disentangled ..:)

If my theory were aimed at reading God's mind, I would also try to find out what is in God's Sleeves...:)

As you might know by now, I don't consider reading God's mind to foster Wisdom a good idea . My theory has been based on what was useful and profound in about all the contributions the great minds of Science... I paid close attention to what they implicitly assumed in their theories, many times without realizing.....:)

Let's wrap up the Action at Distance Puzzle. This has been the source of many outrageously speculative explanations, including infinite speed of information transfer, backwards time traveling, etc. It also spanned a new field, Quantum Encryption. Please read the blog and let me know what you think.

The Paradox derives from a polarization experiment: A excited molecule decays and emits two photons w1 and w2 with correlated polarizations and a tightly defined k-vectors. The k-vectors are defined by the setup of the experiment itself and linear momentum conservation.

The polarizations of the two outgoing photons are connected through the molecular frame of reference angle between transition dipole moments.

The experiment probe how information about what happens in one arm is reaching the other arm by what seems to be Magic and/or hyperluminal speed communication and/or time travel.

Experimental Details: On each of two arms, far from this light source, there are two polarizers and two detectors. The distance makes a strong selection on the k-vector cone. The fact that a detector have to absorb the incoming photon with high quantum yield, makes the detector itself a source of "vacuum noise" at the emission wavelenghts.

The puzzle is that according to Quantum Mechanics, the outgoing photons don't have a defined polarization until they meet the polarizers. This is certainly true from experiments slicing a light beam, such that subsequent polarizers have 45 degrees angle with the prior ones.

Since the two polarizers are far away from each other and the polarizers are placed at equal distance from the light source, a paradox is created: How is it possible for the information about the polarization of photon1 to reach photon2 in time for redefining its polarization? Remember that one is considering that the photons have ill defined polarization until they reach the polarizers.

Using a correlated photon counter and changing one polarizer orientation, one can confirm that the two photons emitted at any given time, keep correlated polarization even thought there isn't enough time for any luminal/subluminal speed signal to reach the other photon.

To solve this puzzle I had to resort to the basic understanding of light emission and absorption. The simple paradigm of a "Kid on a Swing" is the place to start. Bra's and Ket's are great for formalism but they hide the Physics, which always goes back to the "Kid on a Swing". This is my preferred analogy for emission/absorption.

Scientist oftentimes forget or never learn that for emission or absorption to occur, a dephasing process has to take place. This means that the swing has to be slightly out of phase from the "Excitation" for energy transfer to occur. If you push the swing in perfect synchrony there will be no energy transfer.

Our traveling photons might not know what they will have to become to pass that polarizer and hit the detector, but the emiting atom has perfect line of sight to the detectors through the polarizers.

Let's make a Gedanken Experiment. Imagine that the excited state molecule has two eyeballs. Since there is a polarizer between the excited molecule and the detector, the "vacuum" field along that very small spherical angle (k-vector cone) will be dominated by the polarized emission of the detector surface. Notice that I placed "vacuum" in parenthesis since there is something to learn about it from this experiment. I will come back to this point at the end of this blog. Since the excited state molecule will be dephased by radiation coming from the detector, the outgoing photon will have a pretty well defined polarization. This is the same problem one have in a laser. The excited state medium knows what is the polarization permitted within the lasing cavity. There is a degree of intensity on the "vacuum field". Within a laser cavity, the vacuum is not thought to be a vacuum but to the be the field within a Hi-Q resonant cavity. If one considers the high selectivity of the experiment performed, the result will be the same. The two polarizers and detectors act as a Hi-Q laser cavity. The distance between the two arms select the k-vector of the "vacuum". This experiment is done under low excitation since one wants to measure correlation between pairs of photons. A larger number of photons arriving at the same time would be just equally distributed among the two detectors of each arm.

This means that the detector itself (plus polarizer) and the geometry of the apparatus defines the polarization of the emission and thus eliminating any source of paradox. This means that the pre-selection of photon polarization occurs at the time of the emission. By the time the photon arrived at the polarizer its polarization was already compliant with a given polarization. As we know, if we send linearly polarized light along a properly aligned polarizer 100% of the light will pass through. This means that polarization is preserved and only changes if the polarizers are not aligned with the incoming beam.

This is an effect of the observer on what is being observed prior/during to the "observed event - photon emission". Eveything else is history by the time the photon departs from the source.

This is an example of estimulated deexcitation, in a regime of low photonic density. The noise with with the coherence couples doesn't come from some "vacuum" but directly from the detector itself.

My reference to vacuum states is that all emissions are stimulated deexcitation, but the source is not a function of space, as in field theory but a function of the surroundings.

This also means that zero point vacuum states for photons may not be a property of space.

This would explain why any calculation of the zero point vacuum energy for the whole Universe blows up by a factor of 10^56 or thereabouts... Field theory is being developed considering vacuum a property of space... The huge factor should be taken as a hint...:)

Any theory based upon stationary states of vacuum would have to be based upon the assumption of perfectly reflective boundary conditions at the end of the Universe and that is hardly a physical assumption.

In conclusion:

The photon that eventually passes through the polarizer and reaches the detector doesn't know a priori what is the orientation of the polarizer. The excited state molecule, on the other hand, knows perfectly everything about the polarizers and detectors at the time of emission and thus there is no need for information to travel back in time or from one arm to the other arm of the experiment... :)

The polarization of detected photon is defined with information from the detector/polarizer when the photon is emited.

My next blog is titled: He ain't fat... He is my Brother..>:) and I intend to make it understandable by the weekend...:)

I hope you missed my blog...:) I was on vacation in Paris... Beautiful city...:)