Sunday, September 28, 2008
Hypergeometrical Electromagnetism and Gravitation
In the past, I corrected the Law of Gravitation. It just happens that when creating the Hypergeometrical Universe paradigm, I had to also create the link from a purely geometric theory into standard physics which has constructs like mass, force, electrostatic permittivity etc. The first thing to do was to recover the Natural Laws discovered experimentally by Newton, Gauss, Biot-Savart, Faraday, etc.
To recover those equations I had to make approximations. Here I present the correct equations for Electromagnetism. They differ from Biot-Savart in a similar manner as my Hypergeometrial Law of Gravitation differs from Newton's Law.
We recovered the Biot-Savart law for infinitesimal elements of current. This was achieved by considering the many contributions of positive and negative center charges and using the low velocity approximation. Within a Tokamak Nuclear Fusion device, currents are both positive and negative (hot plasma) and velocities are relativistic. Under these conditions one should use the non-approximated equation derived from equation (3.41):
The force between two 1 Kg dilators is given by:
To scale this force into the force between two Coulomb charges traveling with velocities v1 and v2 one just have to multiply the equation by (1C/Nqe)2:
if you remember the correct Law of Gravitation from the Gyrogravity posting:
Where C1(m1) and C2(m2) are the charges(masses) traveling at V1 and V2 and c is the speed of light. R points from charge 2 to charge 1.
You might have noticed that all forces have basically the same equation. ..J
This is called Grand Unification...:). It is the first time one has an equation that would work for all forces of nature - according to my theory.
Of course, there have been prior theories in which "Grand Unification" was partially achieved. Kaluza-Klein achived unification of Gravitation and Electromagnetism. That was done in a contrived non-physical manner. It introduced an extra column in the metric corresponding to an extra dimension. This dimension, as all the other that came after, was a compact dimension. It was necessary to create electromagnetic modes or other quantum numbers.
Now-a-days, Physics is full of compact dimensions which I deem non-physical. Every other time a new particle is discovered a new "curled dimension" is proposed. I don't see any frugality in the creation of dimensions..:) I see dimensional inflation... :)
I mentioned "Grand Unification" because I don't see the need for Strong and Weak Forces in the description of Nature. I, certainly don't see need for none of the many curled dimensions..:) My Hypergeometrical Universe Standard model and the concept of a Fundamental Dilator seems to to be able to explain all Hyperons and their decaying reactions. It also provides masses to all particles without the need for a God Particle or a Bosonic Field.
I will talk more about masses when I finally managed to explain how it is calculated. Of course, the particles associated with the four phases of the fundamental dilator (proton, electron, positron and antiproton) are self-evident and don't need any explanation.
Please feel free to make velocity zero and recover Gauss' and Newton's Laws or make the appropriate approximations (for small velocity with respect to c) and recover Biot-Savart Law.
Some "scientists" which are really attached to Maxwell's equations - after all one can derive the wave equation out of it and that is neat - will say that Biot-Savart Law is a lesser law. I disagree. Biot-Savart is a law that in the small velocity regimen describes the interaction between moving charges. In deriving it, I realized and exposed many of the approximations associated with that Natural Law.
My equations are free of those approximations and fascinatingly have v/c in it. The derivation did start with a Lorentz transformation..:) How come one obtain a relativitistic equation out of a simple model...:)
With respect to waves, they are just declared as existing as the result of dilaton shape shifting. One might need to add that space is elastic.
It should be heart breaking to realize that one should set aside certain things up and just keep what is relevant to evolve..:)
Saturday, September 27, 2008
In Giles de Viterbo’s hands, the Forest of Matter transformed Platonic philosophy into concrete images by taking words like silva and “tracking” literally: matter, silva became the Forest, in which confused Humanity hunted down the knowledge of God. He cast the goddess Diana, the huntress, as a model for the searching human soul. In the Forest, his Diana sought out of tracks or traces, literally footprints, vestigia, of God’s divine light.
Diana is held to be a virgin, because she is herself free from silva and matter, and yet she devotes herself to holy hunting in the Forest . . . Diana practices her hunting, that is, she participates in Mind, and spends her time exclusively in hunting and understanding. To these she devotes her efforts, with all her enthusiasm and all her spirit, to exploring and pursuing the light of her homeland.
He urged his readers, in turn, to be like Diana:
[Plato] declares that the soul is happy in heaven, rejoicing not in realities, that is, in created things, but in pure essence, which belongs to God alone. For this reason he teaches that beauty is hunted out from the Forest of Matter, pure beauty, which exists without any mixture or composition . . . But come, let us track the hidden understanding from this Forest with the help that we can find in the human soul as nets and snares.
As with the image of tracking, "footprints” were a common philosophical term already in the ancient and early Christian worlds, to which Peter Lombard’s Sentences assigned a more specific theological meaning—the Dominican described vestigia as traces of divine presence in creation that took less literal form than the “image and likeness" of himself in which God had created Adam.
But in transforming Peter Lombard’s “Sentences” According to the Mind of Plato, Giles of Viterbo worked the same magic on the original abstract formulation of vestigia that he had worked on forests and tracking——he took the words literally and conjured them into haunting images: Sometimes, however, the footprints are so hidden that the power of human intelligence cannot reach them.
For this reason we seek help from another source, and bring in experienced dogs so that with their help we may obtain our quarry. Now we are chasing something about God out into the open from its hiding places in Nature, something that we could never succeed in capturing with Nature alone as our guide, not unless we use the demonstrations of dialectic as our dogs and the study of philosophy as our nets.
These dogs cannot track hidden quarry except by means of footprints, clear traces of the feet, or odors. Thus in this Forest of Matter divine footprints lie hidden, but when we take notice of them by means of reason, and consider them well, we hunt out the hiding places of the divine light. Plato asserts to this in the third book of the Laws, when he teaches that one should track down musical harmonies in the manner of experienced dogs.
As for the footprints themselves, Giles of Viterbo described these traces in the Forest of Matter as qualities: beauty, order, number.
His Diana was destined to rush about the Forest following the tracks of beauty and light until they added up to a specific sum. God . . . created this external and secondary world according to the divine archetype, for which reason the whole world itself is a footprint of God, and all the things contained in it should be called divine footprints . . . we must pursue the tracks by which human hunting brings back the Trinity as its prize.
At this point, enraptured, Diana, like the human soul, would rise above the Forest to become one with the Moon, lifted far above the Forest of Matter to the realm of ldeas, which Giles as a good Christian associated with the realm of the angels: The nature of intelligent creatures is split in two, for in part it pursues the tracks of divinity, but in part, clinging to heaven's palace, it has no desire to hunt down sensible things.
Thus nature has prepared companions for our spirits, heavenly minds, and calls one Diana in the Forest, the other the Moon in heaven . . . defined now DOI in terms of number, or species, but by kind. These kinds of minds that are called by the name of the Moon have an image that is so superior to our own that they love to ini» prove ours, and bathe the shadows of our Forests with their limpid rays. On Mount Latinos the Moon is said to have loved Endymion, kissing him at night when he was asleep, and this story is not without its point.
The point of Giles's story was a radical claim that the classical gods were nothing more or less than guardian angels: to Endymion and the Moon he added Ulysses and Minerva, Aeneas and Venus, treating the ancient heroes as if they had really existed…
This is a text from the delightful book “Giordano Bruno – Philosopher Heretic” by Ingrid D. Rowland.
This is Giles de Viterbo interpreting Platonic Philosophy in such a literal manner that it can be read as if Diana worked in the Large Hadron Collider and were investigating the tracks left by particles in a Cloud Chamber looking for angels (ideas) whose sum would add up to God - Absolute Understanding…:)
The Forest of Matter is the Forest of Hadrons, with an ever more confusing description based upon quarks, Higg’s Bosons etc. The hunting is literally the hunting for clues, footprints..
Fascinating enough, my theory provide just that, a Fundamental Dilator whose footprints in our Universe are seem as Matter and form the Forest of Matter where we live.
The Fundamental Dilator steps (de Broglie steps) as it moves as a flash of light since the beginning of times. At each step it leaves a note, a dilaton field, as if it were singing a song or saying a name…:)
In this Forest of Matter, angels are ideas and they sum up to God – The Absolute Understanding…:)
The world created by a divine archetype (The Hypergeometrical Universe) where beauty, order and numbers point the way to the divine footprints (dilators). Sometimes these footprints are so hidden that the power of human intelligence cannot reach them…:)
Wednesday, September 24, 2008
There is a very small, very, really very small deceleration (8.5e-10 m/s^2), unaccounted after considering its distance from the Sun, interaction with planets, solar wind etc. The deceleration is very well defined and steady and can be seen in the Pioneer Anomaly paper.
In the prior blog, after presenting the Hypergeometrical Law of Gravitation ...which corrects Newton and Einstein's works ... I suggested that this new equation would explain the Pioneer Anomaly...:)
Of course, I was wrong - this is a simpler problem.
The solution can be derived directly from the topology. It is our current understanding that only matter curves spacetime, this means that locally the curvature is quite well defined by the inexistence of localized matter between here and where the Pioneer spacecrafts are, thus rendering spacetime curvature equal to zero..:) that is, we believe that Pioneer spacecrafts exist in a locally flat space to a high approximation -of course, since this is an unaccounted decelerations, this statement cannot be taken absolutely.... that is the space curvature due to surrounding masses cannot explain.
Of course, if you consider our topology, it is clear that there is a curvature and that is equal to 1/R0. This is because in my theory, there is a fourth non-compact spatial dimension and our 3D Universe is curved in a lightspeed shockwave 3D Universe.
Below one can see two green circles representing two epochs (cross-sections on the 4D spatial manifold). The largest circle corresponds to our current time and B is our home on Earth. Light and matter travel at the speed of light within the expanding hypersphere. This means that light always travels along a diagonal path, oriented at 45 degrees off the perpendicular to the hypersphere. I am representing plane wavefronts reaching point B. It should be clear that different observed wavelengths will result from the observation of light from different epochs. This clearly illustrates the observed red shifting from peering into the sky and looking as far as you can. Hubble discovered this effect and proposed his famous Hubble Law. In the past, I corrected that law by explaining that it is a law applied to average velocities from the different epochs or regions of space.
Figure 1. Looking deep into the past.
Similarly, the wavelength of light depends upon what is the angle beta of observation. This is the physical reason for the red shifting.
This picture is quite telling. It shows the L0 radius of curvature of the time when the first stars lightened. At that time and at that radius of curvature, There was light…:) It is important to notice that light always travels at 45 degrees with the Fabric of Space – 45 degree with the tangential line at point A. This is because light is modeled as a origin modulated dilaton field traveling together with the expanding hypersphere.
At the time of the Big Bang, Beta is zero and the distance AB is Ro or the radius of the Universe.
Now lest consider the near field problem, that is, light propagation among things close, in our neighborhood… solar system, galaxy… Under those conditions, beta is equal to 45 degrees and point A is almost right radially aligned with B. The two hyperspheres look like two hyperplanes and can be represented by the figure below:
Figure 2. Pioneer Radar Gun Experiment. Looking into a few minutes in the past.
I hope nobody would be silly enough to consider that I wrote radar gun experiment on a non tongue-in-cheek manner….:)
We can rewrite Hubble Law as
L (sorry the formula was missing L)
This also means that Hubble constant should depend upon how one calibrates it. Calibration is done using parallax or stellar candles for longer distances and the red shifts. These two calibrations are inconsistent since they look at different angles. One should use the near field calibration and then extrapolate it using the hypergeometrical argument.
Under near field conditions - relatively short distances with respect to the radius of the Universe - .
Let's analyze how one measured the Pioneer deceleration.
Figure 2 shows what is happening according to the Hypergeometrical Universe model. Pioneer flies away in our 3D Universe represented by the Green Circles which is expanding at the speed of light radially.
Our measurements are modeled as if taking place in a flat 3D Universe. The curvature (1/R0) is not taken into consideration and that is the cause for the deceleration. As the craft travels at constant speed along the green curve, it travels a longer distance than the one traveled by light (shown as two straight lines at 45 degrees on Figure 2). This means that the light or radio measurement underestimates the actual distance and that underestimation increases as time goes by due to the curvature of 3D hypersphere. The difference in velocity is due to the centripetal acceleration and it is equal to . This acceleration (deceleration) has to b scaled by the underestimation factor of .
The observed deceleration is 8.5e-10 m/s2, the speed of light = 299792458 m / s. This yields a value for R0= 15.82 Billion Light Years.
The actual age of the Universe is 15.82 Billion Years. This is the best measurement possible for the lifetime of the Universe. It doesn't depend upon the precise view of the furthest star.
Sunday, September 21, 2008
Miguel de Unamuno
Miguel de Unamuno
Double-click the Bird below to find out more about censorship of this theory..>:)
Thursday, September 18, 2008
Gyrogravitation and AntiGravity
When I replicated Newton's Law of Gravitation using my model - which is more fundamental than the current perception of Nature - I was happy. Now that I improved upon Newton's understanding of Gravitation, I am ecstasic.
This is a very important blog..:) The new understanding was derived using the same reasoning I used to derive Biot-Savart Law. As you know, Biot-Savart Law describes the forces among charged particles in motion. I derived the same law for non-charged particles in motion or the Hypergeometrical Law of Gravitation.
It points towards the existence of Antigravity right there... in Gravity...:) where you least expected..>:)
It also points to the demise of the paradigm Einstein made popular. The one where mass just deforms spacetime...:) Now that model would have to include quite a bit of complication due to the velocity dependent spacetime deformations. I believe that would be unnecessary and obsolete due to my theory. It doesn't provide such a beautiful picture as it did just a second ago..>:)
Much has been said about antigravity and its role in the Universe expansion. Of course, there is no need for antigravitational forces for the expansion of the Universe given my proposed Hyperspherical Lightspeed Expanding Shockwave Universe.
Despite of that, there is such a thing as an antigravitational component to Gravity. Below is the derivation also shown in my papers.
Similarly one can derive the Gravitational Biot-Savart equation by simple analogy to our derivation of the Gravitation Law.
Equation 3.41 providing the displacement has to be modified for attraction between spin zero dilators and simplified:
The limit with zero velocity independent term corresponds to the steady state gravitational field (Newton's Law).
Of course, any change in the formula for gravitation to include velocity dependent terms would deem General Gravitation paradigm incorrect and unworkable. The paradigm I am addressing is the deformation of spacetime by mass distribution.
Again, the total gravitational force between two 1 kg test Mass is given by:
Using equation (3.25)
We obtained the correct Law of Gravitation:
From equation (3.26) it is clear that R points from position 1 to position 2, F1 is force acting upon body 1 under the influence of body 2. There is an inherent asymmetry due to the usage of a third inertial reference frame which is inertial. Any reference frame based upon either body would be non-inertial. This equation was derived under the regimen of weak (normal) gravitational pull. It would be easy to derived the same equation for conditions in the surroundings of a Black Hole. One would just not use the derivative approximations.
This means that there is AntiGravity right within the Law of Gravitation. If for a moment one sets the referential frame on body 1, thus having V1=0, the Gravitational Force on F2 becomes:
That is, the force decreases as the velocity increases, thus Gravitation produces an outwards acceleration. This is what one would expect from Antigravity.
This is a much more complex view of Gravitation and it is the only view derived from a more fundamental model. It reduces to Newton's Law at zero relative velocity.
This equation is likely to explain Pioneer anomaly, jets emanating from Black Holes since it produces an element of antigravity which depends upon the state of motion of the Black Hole or the Sun in the case of the Pioneer anomaly.
This is a much more complex view of Gravitation and it is the only view derived from a more fundamental model. It reduces to Newton's Law at zero relative velocity.
The second term in equation (3.49d) corresponds to the Antigravitational Force. It negative sign means that it is a repulsion or lessening of attraction.
Pioneer anomaly and Black Hole emanating jets are easily explainable using this equation. A non-approximated equation is easily derived following the ideas in my paper. Integration of this law within an stellar body will bring about a much more complex interaction that the one expected from Newton's Law of Gravitation.
Tuesday, September 16, 2008
Saturday, September 13, 2008
He asked her:
Fraulein, Would you be able to see yourself in the mirror inside a spaceship traveling at the speed of light????
This means that space compression does not provide a suitable explanation for the whole photochemistry to shift towards microwaves...:)
One would expect that moving that dependence into the laws of motion while keeping an absolute time would be a feasible theoretical task. It is feasible but not easy since nobody ever considered doing it...:) I did that!
The question is if such a change would bring about novel insights.
It does!In my theory, Newton's Second Law is recasted as a Stress-Strain relationships within the two cross-sections presented in each and every blog of this site.
- || means absolute value
- P (absolute value of the phase volume) is 3.5 for a particle with spin half and 3 for neutral matter. The meaning of P is that for one de Broglie wavelength traversed path by the hyperspherical universe, a propagating spacetime wave spread along by a factor of P2π (7 π for charged particles and 6 π for neutral-zero spin matter).
- How to calculate the masses of everything?
- Gyrogravity - The effect of rotation on the gravitational field of a celestial body..:)
- How to control gravity
- How to make antimatter..>:)
- How to create a Fabric of Space particle accelerator...:)