Tuesday, May 25, 2010

Matter-Antimatter Ratio Comment

Anonymous said

Matter and so-called anti-matter are simply materials in opposing condition, they are not opposite ‘existences’. If they were, then when they came into contact they would not merely change condition, they would mutually annihilate. No properties would remain.

In the prior posting, I discussed the actual matter-antimatter annihilation.  Here I review the discussion of the Matter-AntiMatter ratio.

The topology I proposed here is a simple dipole.  This is not the final word, but it just provides a simple, very simple explanation of the current matter-antimatter ratio consistently with the origination of the Universe out of NAUGHT, or plain flat space...:)

I certainly consider this a very likely scenario, but I am sure people will disagree and write tons of papers with their proposed topologies... and that is all great...:)

Of course, this is not the best topology since it is a higher order hyperspherical harmonic.....:) I guess I will have to revisit this problem soon. The hypersymmetric initial fluctuation would showcase the difference in displacement volumes associated with compression and stretching of space.  The stretching volume should be larger and that might explain the left over matter Universe (matter with protons associated with stretching of the local metric).  This is another simple explanation for the matter-antimatter asymmetry.  I will revisit this when I manage to have a second.

Please, feel free to ask any questions.

What defines the Matter-Antimatter Ratio...:)

I was asked this great question:
Thanks for getting back to me about your simplified Grand Unification Theory.
How does your theory explain the matter-antimatter asymmetry in the observable
universe? Please give a simplified answer! Thanks.

With much
I have to say that I thought about that before but since the question has two answers, one of them involving Hypergeometrical Cosmogenesis, I didn't blog my thougths..:)

There is always a first time... First let's think about the connection between the Hypergeometrical Standard Model and The Hypergeometrical Cosmogenesis.

The Hypergeometrical Standard Model represents particles by coherences between deformational states. This means that as time goes by the coherence moves from a state to another (proton, antiproton, electron and positron). Each state corresponds to a displacement 4D volume (metric deformation).

Below you can see our Fundamental Dilator - Different phases of the dilator represents the four fundamental particles...;)

The dilator spins perpendicular to the Radial Direction of propagation as it tunnels back and forth.

In the Hypergeometrical Cosmogenesis (paper in this site), the Universe is modeled as single fluctuation of ZERO (that is, ZERO 4D volume). This means that the sum of all dilators in the Universe would result in ZERO again.. that is, if one could group together all particles in the Universe (not only our visible 3D universe), one would return the fluctuation (The Whole Universe) into Naught...:)

In reality, the Cosmogenesis theory is a little more complex, since the fluctuation of Zero that initiated our 5D Spacetime is modeled as process including dimensional transitions (from Zero Dimension plus Cosmological Time to 4D Spatial Dimensions plus Cosmological Time).

You can read the Cosmogenesis paper and ask questions if you cannot understand this...:)

Now let's see why there are two answers to this questions.

The first answer questions the premise of the question (too many questions here..>:)
  1. My theory predicts that G varies inversely with the 4D radius of the Universe and that means that Gravity gets stronger as one goes back in time...The theory also predicts that matter-antimatter gravitational interaction is repulsive... thus creates the possibility of separation of matter and antimatter in clumps and the minimization of collisions. Since matter and antimatter are spectroscopically identical, this scenario wouldn't be discernible from an Universe with only matter... Under this scenario one can question the premise of how different are the number of particles and antiparticles in the knowable 3D Universe. I don't know how this ratio is measured.
  2. The second answer is based again in the icon of the Hypergeometrical Universe Theory show at the top of this blog. If you consider that the fluctuation of Zero is a dipole to begin with (it could be a multipole), that is, one starts with a positive displacement volume in one half and a negative displacement volume in the other, then the ratio between matter and antimatter would depend upon where our planet is located. One can sense only one radian on each direction. If we were exactly on the edge between the positive and negative volumes of the initial fluctuation, then the ratio would be half and half... Any other position would result in an uneven matter:antimatter ratio ...:) Positive (or negative) means your type or matter... the other is antimatter...:)
Needless to say, this model on the interface between matter and antimatter sectors resembles the diffusional problem of charges in a semiconductor...:)

That is a simple solution to the problem...:)

Conversion between matter and antimatter depends upon transmutation notes and their capture cross-section. The cross-section for capture is very small, thus matter-antimatter conversion is not frequent.

I think these two answers are very simple.

Please feel free to ask any questions...:)



Matter-AntiMatter Anihilation Comment

Anonymous said

Matter and so-called anti-matter are simply materials in opposing condition, they are not opposite ‘existences’. If they were, then when they came into contact they would not merely change condition, they would mutually annihilate. No properties would remain.
My dear reader asked me about the matter-antimatter annihilation process.  He loosely uses the term "condition" and "existence" to represent what is in my theory a very well defined local metric deformation.

The nature or condition of being matter or being antimatter is just a matter of phase in the four notes fundamental dilator coherence sequence.  If I define proton as being a local metric stretch at this exact moment, an antiproton would be an "exactly" deformation in the opposite phase (i.e., it would be a local metric contraction).

In addition to metric deformation phases, a dilator (matter or antimatter) would also have linear and angular momentum and an extrinsically defined spin (a rotation around an axis perpendicular to R and X, Y or Z).

Of course to send the whole Chimichanga to NILL one would have to add a Gamma Ray photon with exactly the opposing phase, direction such as to cancel the outgoing Gamma Ray.

This seems to be a very fortuitous event, that is, to have the electron-positron pair plus an incoming gamma ray with the exact alignment.  It is and it never happens, that is, normally matter-antimatter annihilation never generates a perfectly flat space.  It normally generates the dilaton field associated with the outgoing Gamma Ray.

Below is a refresh of how does Matter-Antimatter Annihilate each other.  Please, feel free to ask questions.

How does Matter-Antimatter Anihilate each other???..:)

Ask this simple question to a physicist. After looking like a deer on headlights for a some time, he/she will start mumbling something and writing some Feynman diagrams showing wiggling lines representing photons, positrons and electrons..:)

The same thing will happen if you ask them how a photon is created etc, etc...:) It is a crying shame...:)

You will never get anything that has a physical meaning... just lots of hand waiving while providing the interpretations of Feynman diagrams..:) NO PHYSICS...

I have to defend Feynman at this point. I am his unconditional fan....:)

His diagrams represent complex integrals and make easier to think about the Physics behind those equations.

The problem is that this is great if the mathematical representation of reality is perfectly defined by those integrals. If they are not, then the diagrams will mislead you into thinking that any reading of an integral has a physical meaning.

The other horrendous outcome is that any time people believe they know everything, and apply that last layer of varnish on the mathematical constructs, they will react more strongly towards any change... not unlike the reaction of a building contractor when faced with a different request from the owner when the building is about to be delivered...:)

They just want to finish the building...:)

This diagrams tells us that a positron and an electron interact producing a gamma ray which would then decay back into a positron and an electron...:)

Does that really happens???? I don't think so... at least not in heavy nuclei anomalous gamma ray scattering...

It will certainly occur under very specific phase matched gamma ray scattering conditions...

This is another Feynman diagram with a different interpretation...:) Here electron-positron anihilates and two gamma rays are released. This is a diagram for low kinetic energy scenario where the total linear momentum is close to zero and conserved by the emission of opposite traveling photons after the e-p anihilation...
This makes more sense. If there is an initial 3D angular momentum, there might be emissions to conserve 3D angular momentum...:)

This is a tricky question since current physics has no idea what happens when matter-antimatter anihilates each other...

The reason for such trouble is the Higgs boson based explanation for mass. When a positron-electron pair disappears, mass disappears... thus the explanation can never be simple...Mass is a very complex problem for current minded physicist... in fact, an intractable problem....:)

In my theory, mass is just a 3D overlap of a 4D displacement volume at specific phases of a spinning coherence (fundamental dilator)....:) a very simple thing... which can be clearly stated in this short paragraph...:)

Of course, I know that a simpler explanation doesn't make a theory correct. It might make it more desirable if the simpler theory explains everything and more than the complex theory...:)

I would never use Ockham's Razor -
Ockham's Razor is the principle proposed by William of Ockham in the fourteenth century: ``Pluralitas non est ponenda sine neccesitate'', which translates as entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily'.
for the simple reason that that principle should be used at the creation of hypotheses and cannot be used to eliminate competing theories...and that might be a stretch since simplicity is not necessarily a requirement in the creation of the Universe... but, that said, that it is likely to be the case...

By the way, Ockham's Razor speaks about generalization. Don't generalize conclusions unless the conclusion is necessarily general... As far as I can tell, it has nothing to do with simplicity...

I simply hate that expression.... for the aforementioned reason... One can use Ockham's Razor to validade Santa Klaus, Eastern Bunny or any religion, cult, crackpot idea etc...:) in addition that I find it pompous pseudo-reasoning...:)

Ockham's Razor was never meant to be used to help choosing between possible theories (explanations). Its valid usage is in choosing hypotheses prior to the creation of the theories...

For a theory to be preferable it has to be more than just simpler... It has to explain everything and more... and I mean a lot more.... Even under those conditions, the two or more theories should coexist until one of them contradicts reality...

I make only one exception for the Hypergeometrial Universe theory....:) since this is not only simpler but also only geometrical...:) that is, IT IS ALL ABOUT SPACE..:) under those very specific conditions Ockham's Razor together with the statement (Never say Never; make perfect sense :) (just kidding)...

The disappearance of mass in my theory amounts to the anhiliation of displacement volumes... well... that poses no difficulty...:) a positive displacement volume is a stretching of the local metric. A negative displacement volume is the opposite. If I both stretch and compress a local metric the result will be null...:) , thus there are no hickups on the disappearance of mass..:) it is the same as the disappearance of displacement volume...not unlike the noise-elimination ocurring now-a-days on ipod headphones..:)

Let's take a look on the anihilation process step by step..:)

Below is the diagram of the dilator interaction and the more complex coherence creation.

This means that according to my theory, anihilation depends upon a spin Minus ONE muon neutrino capture or creation out of their kinetic energy (angular momentum)...:) I am sure that is not in those Feynman diagrams..:) By the way, a spin minus one muon neutrino corresponds to two transmutation notes spinning in the same directions.

The other salient aspect of this equation is that once the coherence from the second diagram is created that coherence itself decays through a secondary coherence (coherence squared) with Naught..:) That means that the electromagnetic field appears as the result of a coherence between the electron-muon neutrino-positron complex and plain unadulterated flat space..:)

As you can see the electron-muon neutrino-positron is a double chord coherence, that is, it is composed of two fundamental dilator subcoherences and two transmutation notes (half muon neutrino)...:)
The half-muon neutrinos correspond to 3D spatial rotations, thus those sub-coherence look like 3D rotations of the positron-electron pair...:)

It should be clear that the positron-muon neutrino-electron dilator coherence is a doublet, that is, due to the uncertainty on which phase is in phase with the 3D Universe, the two isomers coexist forming a dipole. This dipole oscillates at each de Broglie step of the Hyperspherical Shockwave Universe Expansion. In addition, this modulation is modulated by the oscillatory factor due to the coherence between this coherence and the flat 4D metric state or flat space.

The original dimeric coherence (two fundamental dilator chords) generates their standard dilaton field. The secondary coherence between this dimer and flat space creates another cosine factor that is equivalent to a transposition between the positions of the two fundamental dilator thus generating a phase modulation of the dilaton field. This is similar to the dilaton field modulation due to electronic coherences in excited chromophores. At the end what causes an electromagnetic wave is a charge motion (like in an antena..:)

This secondary modulation occurs at the frequency of the emitted gamma rays...:)

If there is any initial 3D angular momentum that becomes a third modulation and thus a third driver of gamma ray emissions... This means that at least two and maybe more gamma rays will be emitted from a electron-muon neutrino-positron complex coherence...:)

That should come up as a shock... who would guess that flat space would play any role in the Universe.... Flat space is the ultimate ground state of an Hypergeometrical Universe.

This is the physical representation of matter-antimatter annihilation.

I should rave a little about the prejudice against anything originated in classical mechanics or classical electrodynamics. The classical picture of coherences (MHS) is perfectly valid in an electronic transition, since the expectation of a dipole operator has a perfectly classical analogy...:)

There is also another prejudice that is a hindrance to a rational evaluation of my ideas. The prejudice is derived from too much reverence towards the people who preceded us. Einstein tried in vain to find a link between classical mechanics and quantum mechanics and failed. The same is valid for everyone else. Schrodinger equation is derived in terms of equivalence principles, which are principles - something that one cannot explain and justifies itself by its own success explaining the world.

In the past, I ranted against censorship of my theory by the Cornell-Los Alamos e-print repository moderator.

As the theory get more recognition, this becomes a moot point although censorship is never irrelevant.  Somehow this good idea managed to survived and hopefully it will someday thrive.



Sunday, May 16, 2010

Comment On The Beginning of Times

Anjan posted "The Beginning of Times":
This is simple and effective; though I am no physicist, it seems to hang in self-consistently.
It is also true that Antoine de St-Exupery reached there first, and it is good that due credit has been given in the citation.
The Beginning of Times is both a scientific and philosophical posting.  The scientific aspect of it, is the logical support for the amazing (to me) discovery that the actual speed of light is sqrt(2) times the observed speed of light. That is the linchpin holding together the philosophical conclusion about its close relationship with Cause and Effect and the Ontological Question: WHY?

Although logic is always clear and direct, the beauty of the conclusion and the events associated with the Anthropic event that begets the question WHY can only be conveyed with the sensibility of Antoine de St-Exupery's Little Prince...:)
In the past, I mentioned that I didn't try to read God's mind or anything that conceited.  I tried to see what the brilliant minds of my precursors created and what could still remain in a more consistent theory.  I kept Strict Relativity or Lorentz transforms and explained the WHY they needed to be used.  

They are a contrived solution to the problem of starting with the wrong equations (equations of motion) instead of using the Quantum Lagrangian Principle.  I also kept the quark representation for some Hadrons, although I associated them with axes lengths of a four dimensional ellipsoid of revolution.  Energy conservation is associated with the 3D volume in the Hypergeometrical Universe.  Inertial Mass also equal to the 3D Volume of dilators. 4D Mass or charge or gravitational mass is associated with the 4D displacement volume of the dilator coherence.

Of course, I had to replicate our known Physics otherwise nobody would take my theory into consideration..:) and they shouldn't.

I humbly used the Little Prince to express feelings in a manner superior to what I could have done. It expressed the awe in the view of the Universe as in The Beginning of Times and the solitude of being the creator of an idea which is not incremental..:) and thus has to be fought by the establishment...:)
Loneliness, has also been expressed using my dear friend The Brain..:).  His tireless pursuit for world domination has a strong similarity to my Quixotic effort to help by bringing about a better understanding of the Universe.

I would had used more Don Quixote if I could find pictures of the theme.

There is a lot of Don Quixote in me.



Sunday, May 02, 2010

An Ancient Flower Bloom...:)

An Ancient Flower Bloom...:)

There are many things still to be blogged, but many things are already presented.  I know that circa 40 thousand readers (scientists or otherwise) have been to this site.  A few left questions which I always tried to answer.

This is a free flowing blog, the historical documentation of an idea.   I am quite glad with the final product and know that many things changed (a little) from the beginning.  At the beginning my Fundamental Dilator had five phases and was red and yellow..:) later became four-phased and green and yellow.  Red doesn't print properly on black and while printer.  The fifth phase was a return to the original phase so I decided to eclipse it.  The five phased coherence might be a better description.  People will eventually decide, if this theory takes hold.

I realized that the actual speed of light is sqrt(2) times the observed speed of light. This shouldn't change the fundamental equations (Law and Gravitation) since they are close action at distance equations (even a million light years is just a very small fraction of a 15.36 billion years.  The correction are even less relevant since the action at very far distance (billion of light years) will not just decay with the inverse squared distance...:)  The exact law can be easily derived from the Pioneer Anomaly diagrams.  But that seems to be irrelevant since most interaction takes place within a few million light years...(intergalactic distance).

Equations might have to be changed to adapt to this new insight, but that doesn't change anything in the short distance laws..:) (up to a billion light years)..I don't think we are under the gravitational or electrostatic pull of anything one billion light years away..:) it is just way too far... The calculated frequency of Gravitational Waves will change by a factor equal to the inverse of the quartic root of two...:)  This changes are the result of the actual speed of light being sqrt(2) times the observed speed of light.  The substitution of R0 by sqrt(2)R0 all over the place should solve the problem.

Next weekend, I will update my paper which is lagging behind the blog these days.

There are things that I haven 't said.  I've just don't have the time..:) but maybe someone will ask me a specific question..:) I always answer my readers..:)

In the meantime, enjoy some great music...:)



The 7th Vigier Symposium at the Imperial College, London UK

I wrote this posting more than a year ago, but consider it better not to publish at the time.  I was concerned with any concerted censorship effort and didn't want to jinx it.:)

It is a humble presentation of my state of excitement before the opportunity to present my theory to professional scientists..:) as opposed to me, a simple-minded amateur..:)



The 7th Vigier Symposium

When I thought that Science was way too politicized, monetized - everyone wanted a Discovery Show to scare us with those Gigantic Black Holes.. SuperNovae....  Killer Gamma Ray Bursts.......:) - in fact, given the opportunity, I would also want one...;:), the Arxives were arbitrarily censored left and right by its owner, I was pleasantly surprised...:)

It is a great pleasure to let you know first hand, that I will be presenting this talk at the7th Vigier Symposium at the Imperial College, London UK, on July 15th:
The Hypergeometrical Universe: Cosmology and Standard Model
Abstract. The Hypergeometrical Universe theory contains both Cosmological and Hadron Models.  The Cosmological aspects of the theory are contained in the proposed topology. The 3D Universe is proposed to be a 3D Lightspeed Expanding Hyperspherical Shockwave embedded in a 4D spatial manifold.  A preferential direction (R) and an absolute time coexist with Relativity Principles. One cannot ever point to that preferential direction within our 3D hypersphere and one can only observe the projection of the absolute time in our local reference frames (proper time).  The Hadron model is based in the concept of a Fundamental Dilator.  The fundamental dilator is a coherence between deformation states of the local metric and can represent any one of the fundamental particles (electron, proton, anti-proton, positron) depending upon which phase is in phase with our 3D Universe. The resulting paradigm presents a Cosmos where interactions are intermittent while the 3D Universe steps along R in de Broglie steps with the Compton wavelength of a Hydrogen atom.  The Fundamental Dilator eliminates the asymmetry between protons and electrons, making them equally ‘massive’ in four dimensions.  Since this is a geometrical theory, inertial mass is mapped to the footprint of these dilators on the 3D Universe while Gravitational/Electromagnetic Mass is mapped to the 4D displacement volume associated with each coherence cycle. Cosmological constants can be derived from first principles considerations. A more basic law of Gravitation (Gyrogravitation) is derived from first principle. This new law shows that Gravitation is asymmetric, that is, it is easier to decelerate a body than it is to accelerate it (consistent with Relativity).  Accelerating a body can only be done up to c. This asymmetric gravitational law explains double jet black holes.

Keywords: Grand Unification, Quantization in Astrophysics, Coherent Nuclear Fusion, Novel Gravitational Law, Purely Geometric Theory, Hypergeometrical Standard Model

This conference is dedicated to finding the path to a more fundamental understanding of Nature.  That in itself is a noble goal. The fact that they were able to overlook the source of my ideas (me) and considered them for themselves is great. 

I don't need to tell that my ideas are different, iconoclastic or just clashing with everything kind of theory..

It contains No strings attached, no Dark anything not even Black Magic...:)  I even complained about the extension of the Copenhagen Interpretation into the Many Worlds Interpretation (forgive me Everett.:) in de Docta Ignorantia

Many times I mentioned the value of ideas.  

In the long dark night, I called for my Giordano Bruno..:)
Some time ago, my Giordano Bruno arrived in the persons of Dr. Christianto, Dr. Schamarandache, Dr.Carlos Castro to name a few.  They gave a first voice to my ideas along the lines of the best one could ever find in a scientific person.  They were open-minded to permit someone not immediately recognizable as one of them to say something.  I really had to say what I said.  An idea can be right or wrong, but it should have its day (or second) in our consciousness (to some degree of course)...:)  A bad idea is easy to pinpoint, to counter argue.  I did that many times in this blog.

My ideas did not have that opportunity until they were published in these books:


For an amazing fortuity, I had created a theory that actually Quantized Cosmology...:) right on queue when they were publishing the Quantization in Cosmology book.

Few months later, I finished the Hypergeometrical Standard Model and the concept of Coherent Nuclear Fusion and again by coincidence they were publishing a book on Hadrons Models and New Energy Issues.   I am not a religious man, but I don't know what to say..:)

Time passed by, I tied a few more knots, dotted a few more Is... crossed a few more Ts...:)  Finalizing with the Grand Finalle, where I couldn't avoid the conclusion that the speed of light is actually sqrt(2) times the observed speed of light...:) That was a requirement from the solution of the Pioneer Anomaly problem.

That insight was used to explain the WHY we are able to see the prettiest stars on the farthest regions of the Universe...:)  The presence of cause and effect is not possible if light speed is not changed for the four dimensional spatial manifold topology.

Exactly at this time, Dr. Richard Amoroso became my new Giordano Bruno when he invited me to give a talk at the 7th Vigier Symposium in the Imperial College, London UK

It is a great honor, a great reason for trepidation..:) I am an awfully shy speaker... but I think that is only the case when I am not explaining something that I fully believe and understand.  Defending ideas was always natural to me.  Entertaining people might be more difficult..:) but I am full of jokes... I should be able to pull this off..:)

I will start with the Beginning - by which I mean the Beginning of Times, quickly followed by the Fundamental Dilator, Big Bang Spin Synchronization Event. Change Hubble Law...:)

From that one immediately goes into Quantization of the Light Speed Stepwise (de Broglie steps with Hydrogen Atom Compton Wavelength) Expansion of the Hypergeometrical Universe (Hyperspherical ShockWave 3D Universe).

Next one explain the Quantum Lagrangian Principle (each dilator dilates in phase with the surrounding dilaton field)...:) Show off the new Newton's Laws..:) Duck a few tomatoes (they say tomatos in London..:)

Show the Grand Unification Equation from where all natural laws are derived. Show the final equations themselves. Emphasize the Gyrogravitational equation. Show the solution of the Mercury Perihelion, Gravitational Lensing....:) Explain Double Jet Black Holes and the White Orifice...:)

Introduce the Hyperon Family (Drunken Crazy Deltas, Pious Pions, Great Omegas...:) Show that they are all Primes which finally puts the Riemann Hypothesis into the realm of Physics....:)  This was prophecized  many times as the indication of the coming of the real Theory of Everything..:) Tell about those cute Majorama particles...:)

If my friend gets the musical chord done in time, play some Encounters of First Kind (music representing the Prime Hyperon Particles)...:) like a Choir of Particles...:)

If they don't believe, just show the calculation of cosmological constants (epsilon, mu, G). Imply that G was much more strong when the radius of the Universe was smaller.

About this time, tell them the calculated frequency of Gravitational Waves, tell how to solve the energy problems of the World with the Coherent Fusion model.

At last solve the Ancient Puzzle...:) which tell amazing things about the Cosmos..:)

This is the correct Rose from Rosecrucians and below is the Ancient Symbol (Verbum Mui Significatium)...:)
If someone solves this puzzle, I will tell them ancient secret..:)